voluntary [{{t}}'vɒləntrɪ] (pl voluntaries)
1 adjective
(a) (freely given → statement, donation, gift) volontaire, spontané
(b) (optional) facultatif;
attendance on the course is purely voluntary la participation au cours est facultative
(c) (unpaid → help, service) bénévole;
the shop is run on a voluntary basis le personnel du magasin se compose de bénévoles, le magasin est tenu par des bénévoles
(d) {{}}Physiology{{}} volontaire
2 noun
(a) {{}}Religion{{}} & {{}}Music{{}} morceau m d'orgue
(b) (unpaid work) travail m bénévole, bénévolat m
►► voluntary agency organisme m bénévole;
{{}}British{{}} {{}}Finance{{}} voluntary arrangement = arrangement entre une entreprise et ses créanciers de façon à éviter la mise en liquidation;
voluntary body organisme m bénévole;
{{}}British{{}} {{}}Commerce{{}} voluntary liquidation liquidation f volontaire;
to go into voluntary liquidation déposer son bilan;
{{}}Law{{}} voluntary manslaughter homicide m volontaire;
{{}}Anatomy{{}} voluntary muscle muscle m strié ou squelettique;
{{}}British{{}} voluntary redundancy départ m volontaire;
he decided to take voluntary redundancy il a accepté d'être licencié en échange d'indemnités;
voluntary school = école privée qui reçoit une aide de l'État mais garde un certain pouvoir de décision, notamment sur le contenu des cours d'instruction religieuse et le choix des enseignants;
voluntary service service m volontaire;
Voluntary Service Overseas = coopération technique à l'étranger (non rémunérée);
voluntary shop magasin m tenu par des bénévoles;
voluntary work travail m bénévole, bénévolat m;
voluntary worker bénévole mf

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Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • voluntary — vol·un·tary / vä lən ˌter ē/ adj 1 a: proceeding from one s own free choice or consent rather than as the result of duress, coercion, or deception a voluntary statement b: not compelled by law: done as a matter of choice or agreement voluntary… …   Law dictionary

  • Voluntary — Vol un*ta*ry, a. [L. voluntarius, fr. voluntas will, choice, from the root of velle to will, p. pr. volens; akin to E. will: cf. F. volontaire, Of. also voluntaire. See {Will}, v. t., and cf. {Benevolent}, {Volition}, {Volunteer}.] 1. Proceeding… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Voluntary — • Wilful, proceeding from the will Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Voluntary     Voluntary     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • voluntary — vol‧un‧ta‧ry [ˈvɒləntri ǁ ˈvɑːlənteri] adjective 1. done or agreed to willingly and without being forced: • He suggested that workers take voluntary pay cuts to help the economy. • Cigar advertising on television is banned under a voluntary… …   Financial and business terms

  • voluntary — voluntary, intentional, deliberate, willful, willing can mean constituting or proceeding from an exercise of free will. Voluntary, the most widely applicable of these terms, often implies not only freedom from constraint but freedom from the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • voluntary — [väl′ən ter΄ē] adj. [ME voluntarie < L voluntarius, voluntary < voluntas, free will < volo, I wish: see VOLITION] 1. brought about by one s own free choice; given or done of one s own free will; freely chosen or undertaken 2. acting in a …   English World dictionary

  • Voluntary — (v. engl. „spontan“) bezeichnet ein Musikstück (meist für die Orgel), welches improvisiert wurde oder eine Komposition von improvisatorischem Charakter. Das Voluntary entstammt dem englischen Barock und ist in der ursprünglichen Funktion mit dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Voluntary — may refer to:*A word meaning done, given, or acting of one s own free will , see Volunteer *Voluntary (music), a piece of music played as part of a church service …   Wikipedia

  • voluntary — ● voluntary, voluntaries nom masculin (anglais voluntary) En Angleterre, au XVIe s., court morceau d orgue improvisé avant le culte ou pièce pour clavecin. (L école des virginalistes en a laissé de nombreux exemples. Blow et Purcell l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Voluntary — Vol un*ta*ry, n.; pl. {Voluntaries}. 1. One who engages in any affair of his own free will; a volunteer. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) A piece played by a musician, often extemporarily, according to his fancy; specifically, an organ solo… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • voluntary — late 14c. (implied in voluntarily), from L. voluntarius of one s free will, from voluntas will, from the ancient accusative singular prp. of velle to wish (see WILL (Cf. will) (v.)). Originally of feelings, later also of actions (mid 15c.) …   Etymology dictionary

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